نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استادیار دانشگاه و پژوهشگاه عالی دفاع ملی و تحقیقات راهبردی
2 دانشجوی دکترای علوم دفاعی راهبردی (گرایش سیاست دفاعی) دانشگاه و پژوهشگاه عالی دفاع ملی و تحقیقات راهبردی
عنوان مقاله [English]
War is a persistent global phenomenon. Obscurity, complexity and multidimensionality are the most important characteristics of the newest methods of warfare. Hybrid warfare refers to a wide range of tools in a homogeneous or heterogeneous manner that is used in this type of warfare, i.e. a non-linear battle. Therefore, a relentless alertness in front of the enemy is one of the necessities of an autonomous system which has numerous enemies. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the United States in a number of ways and through constructing a range of new apparatuses has embarked on hostility and hatred towards the holy system of the I.R. of Iran. Consequently, the main purpose of this paper was to answer the following question: "What are the components and tools of the US hybrid war against the I.R. of Iran?" Using the desk and fields methods of data collection with the determining means of these two methods and also using the descriptive-analytical method, this study tried to determine the components and tools of the US hybrid war against the I. R. of Iran. In this respect, two questionnaires were designed to determine their effectiveness (one for identifying the components and tools of hybrid warfare and its endorsement by the expert community and the other for designing and distributing the questionnaire among the sample population of 30 individuals who were selected purposefully by snowball method). Then, the statistical methods were used to analyze the data. Regarding the main and secondary questions of this study, the findings and results showed that 8 factors of psychological, informational, economic, diplomatic-political, cyber, regular military and Special Forces, and supporting the internal conflicts are considered as the most important components of hybrid warfare. In this respect, 53 tools of the mentioned components were determined, which were introduced to be used by the officials and those in charge and also for the purpose of resolute confrontation.