مقاله پژوهشی: تحلیل حقوقی اقدام‌های نظامی دولت ج.ا.ایران در مقابله با تروریسم در سوریه و عراق

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه حقوق دانشگاه شاهد

چکیده

اقدام­‌های گروه­‌های تروریستی مانند داعش در سوریه و عراق به تهدیدی جدی علیه کشورهای منطقه تبدیل شده است. بنابراین دولت‌های عراق و سوریه به­‌عنوان قربانیان این اقدام‌­ها از ایران جهت مقابله با انجام عملیات نظامی علیه گروه‌های تروریستی درخواست کمک نموده‌اند. اگرچه کنوانسیون‌های ضدتروریسم راهکارهای حقوقی مناسبی جهت مقابله با اقدام­‌های تروریستی از طریق دستگیری و مجازات متهمان و یا استرداد آن‌ها را فراهم نموده، اما فعالیت­‌های گروه‌هایی مانند داعش در عراق و سوریه از آن دسته اقدام­‌های تروریستی موردی و پراکنده نیست که بتوان با آن از طریق روش‌های مسالمت­‌آمیز و راهکارهای قضایی مندرج در معاهده­‌های ضدتروریسم مقابله نمود. بنابراین دولت‌های قربانی تروریسم تحت شرایطی می‌توانند بر اساس ماده 51 منشور ملل متحد در مقابل این­‌گونه حملات مسلحانه با توسل به زور از خود دفاع نمایند. اقدام­‌های نظامی ایران در سوریه و عراق که بنا به دعوت و با هماهنگی دولت‌های یادشده انجام گرفته، با حق دفاع مشروع جمعی مندرج در ماده 51 منشور منطبق است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Legal Analysis of Iran,s Military Actions to Oppose Terrorism in Syria and Iraq

نویسنده [English]

  • Siamak Karamzadeh
Assistant Professor of Law Department, Shahed University
چکیده [English]

The actions of terrorist groups such as ISIS in Syria and Iraq have become a serious threat to the countries in the region. Therefore, the Iraqi and Syrian governments as sufferers of these actions have demanded assistance from Iran to launch military operations against terrorist groups. Although anti-terrorism conventions have provided appropriate legal approaches to counteract terrorist actions through arresting and punishing the culprits or their extradition, the actions of groups such as ISIS in Iraq and Syria are not case-based and dispersed terrorist actions that could be contended through the peaceful methods and judicial solutions contained in the anti-terrorism treaties. Consequently, the victim governments of terrorism under the conditions of Article 51 of the United Nations Charter can defend themselves against such armed attacks by use of force. Iran's military actions in Syria and Iraq, which performed due to the invitation of and in harmony with the above-mentioned governments, are in accordance with the right of collective defense contained in Article 51 of the mentioned Charter.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Terrorism
  • resort to force
  • legitimate defense
  • anti-terrorism treaties
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