عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran has faced various threats since the establishment of the Islamic Republic. These threats, which have intensified since 2018, have various political, economic and social consequences, and in the meantime have affected the sense of solidarity and national identity of Iranian. The main aim of this paper is to assess evaluation of Tehran's citizens of foreign threats and its effects on the components of solidarity and national identity. The main question of this research is: What is the evaluation of Tehran residents regarding foreign threats and what effect does it have on the sense of identity and national solidarity among them? To investigate this issue, the citizens of Tehran over 15 years old were selected as the statistical population. Using the "Cochran" formula, 400 of them were selected and interviewed using a multi-stage cluster sampling and a questionnaire. The results show that: 1) External threats have a significant impact upon national identity, 2) external threats have a significant impact upon national solidarity, and 3) national solidarity has a significant impact on national identity. Thus, as foreign threats become more serious, the components of solidarity and national identity in Iran are strengthened. According to the results, the greater the sense of security threat, the greater the proportion of belonging to the country and readiness to defend it.